Largest Underground City in the World Built by Christians for Escape

researchers believe a Christian church and Jewish synagogue were part of the complex's worship space. The synagogue includes a large hall with the Star of David on one of its walls.
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‘Matiate’ was built about 2,000 years ago. It’s a Turkish underground City but the largest underground city in the world. Experts suggest Christians “churched” there to avoid Roman persecutions.

As reported by The Christian Post, researchers believe a Christian church and Jewish synagogue were part of the complex’s worship space. The synagogue includes a large hall with the Star of David on one of its walls.

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According to Live Science, the underground city first appeared in ninth-century Assyrian records. Its proximity to limestone caves is likely one of the reasons the city was named Matiate, which means “city of caves.”

The ancient complex, known as Matiate, is located in the Midyat district of Mardin province. It was first unveiled in 2020 and is believed to be the largest underground city in the world
Gani Tarkan, the director of the Mardin Museum and head of the excavation, explained that the underground city was likely built as a refuge for Christians fleeing Roman persecution.


It was reported that”Matiate has been used uninterruptedly for 1,900 years”

Gani Tarkan, the director of the Mardin Museum and head of the excavation, confirmed that the underground city was likely built as a refuge for Christians fleeing Roman persecution. “As it is known, Christianity was not an official religion in the second century. Families and groups who accepted Christianity generally took shelter in underground cities to escape the persecution of Rome or formed an underground city. Possibly, the underground city of Midyat was one of the living spaces built for this purpose”.

Tarkan also noted that the site may have housed at least 60,000-70,000 underground and that it includes close to 50 chambers and a tunnel over 100 yards long.

Lozan Bayar, an archaeologist with Mardin’s Office for Protection and Supervision, also acknowledged that the Matiate was a likely refuge for early believers.

Bayar opined that in the early period of Christianity, Rome was under the influence of pagans before later recognizing Christianity as an official religion. He told the Turkish news outlet Hürriyet Daily News that: “Such underground cities provided security to people, and they also performed their prayers there. They were also places of escape”.

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